Comprehensive Guide to Marijuana Data and Statistics
Overview of Marijuana Use and Policy
Marijuana, known scientifically as Cannabis, is one of the most widely used psychoactive substances globally. Its medical and recreational use varies, being legal, partially legal, or illegal depending on the jurisdiction. This article provides a detailed analysis of marijuana’s data and statistics, focusing on its usage, health effects, and regulatory landscape.
Marijuana Usage Statistics
Global Consumption Patterns
Marijuana is consumed by an estimated 188 million people worldwide, with the highest rates in North America and Western Europe.
Usage in the United States
Adult Usage: Approximately 43.5 million Americans aged 18 and older reported using marijuana in the past year.
Youth Usage: Among 12th graders, 43.7% reported lifetime usage, with 22.3% reporting usage in the past month.
Marijuana is prescribed for conditions like chronic pain, glaucoma, epilepsy, and anxiety disorders. Its active compounds include THC and CBD, with various effects.
Medical marijuana is legalized in 36 U.S. states, four territories, and D.C. Patients must possess a recommendation from a licensed healthcare provider.
Health Effects of Marijuana
Pain Management: Effective in reducing chronic pain.
Appetite Stimulation: Helps in conditions causing weight loss or reduced appetite.
Memory Impairments: Potential short-term memory loss.
Respiratory Issues: Smoking marijuana can lead to lung problems.
Economic Impact of Marijuana
The global legal marijuana market was valued at $17.7 billion in 2019 and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 18.1% through 2027.
The marijuana industry has created approximately 321,000 full-time jobs in the U.S.
Legal and Regulatory Environment
In the U.S., marijuana remains classified as a Schedule I substance under federal law.
State-level regulations vary, ranging from complete prohibition to full legalization for recreational use.
The Evolving Landscape
The data and statistics on marijuana present a complex picture of a substance with wide-ranging impacts on health, economy, and society. As laws and attitudes continue to evolve, understanding these statistics becomes essential for policymakers, healthcare providers, and the general public.